Gynecomastia, the medical term for enlarged or excess breast tissue in males, is a common problem among men of all age groups. The condition is characterized by an excess of fat and/or breast glandular tissue in the chest area that can be attributed to a variety of factors, including heredity, hormone imbalance, or excess weight. Not only can gynecomastia cause men to be dissatisfied with their physical appearance, but it can lead to bigger problems like lack of confidence, embarrassment, and even discomfort during certain physical activities.
There is a common misconception that gynecomastia only affects men who are overweight, when in fact, it occurs in men of all age groups, all body shapes, and all weight ranges. Even athletes who are in top physical and muscular shape can suffer from this condition and may require male breast reduction surgery.
Due to the embarrassing nature of the problem, there are many men who are unaware of the options available to them to correct gynecomastia. In fact, male breast reduction is a fairly simple procedure. The plastic surgeon removes the excess fat and glandular tissue from the area through liposuction and surgical excision; then, lifts and tightens the remaining tissue to create a more masculine chest contour.
Often, enlarged breasts in males correlate with enlarged areolas in males – or an enlarged dark area around the nipple. Thus, male breast reduction surgery is commonly performed in conjunction with nipple revision or nipple reduction surgery. Male nipple revision surgery resizes and reshapes the nipples to become more proportionate to the chest size.
Frequently Asked Questions about Gynecomastia
Gynecomastia can affect men of all ages, and the underlying causes will often vary a great deal from one patient to the next. In newborns, gynecomastia is usually caused by estrogen from the mother. These breast buds in newborns tend to go away gradually by 6 months of age, but may last longer in some infants. In pre-adolescent boys, gynecomastia may potentially be caused by an estrogen-producing tumor, but breast buds are also commonly caused by natural hormonal fluctuations, and so many boys do experience a degree of gynecomastia during early and middle puberty. In these cases, breast buds may last up to two years but tend to go away within six to twelve months. In adult males, gynecomastia is most frequently the result of another, often more serious, health conditions, such as cirrhosis of the liver, an overactive thyroid, or other hormone-related concerns. Various drugs, including certain prescription medications, may also cause gynecomastia. Correctly diagnosing the underlying causes is a vital first step to determining the appropriate treatment for the condition.
The following doctors perform Male Breast Reduction Surgery at Atlanta Plastic Surgery, P.C. Click on a doctor to learn more about their practice and to view Before & After gynecomastia surgery photographs.