Rhinophyma is a relatively uncommon condition characterized by an enlarged, red, bulb-shaped nose. Although the exact cause of rhinophyma is unknown, it is considered to be a severe form of rosacea, a common, chronic inflammatory skin condition that results in irregular redness or flushing of the face, particularly in the cheeks or nasal areas.
As a patient’s rosacea progresses the symptoms of rhinophyma will usually get worse and may include the following changes in the appearance of the nose:
- Gradual swelling and the development of a bulbous shape
- Numerous oil glands
- Enlarged skin pores
- Reddish skin tone
- Thickening of the outer layers of skin
- Waxy, rough, yellowish appearance
The symptoms of rhinophyma may occur in cycles, but the condition will become worse if left untreated. Cosmetic plastic surgery, similar to a rhinoplasty procedure, is the best way to correct this disorder, and usually includes removal of the excess tissue to create a more proportional nasal structure.